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Code of laws
They are divided into two main families:
- the laws unchangeable,
- the laws changeable.
A portion of the laws unchangeable are here as examples.
- If one should steal, let the measure of their theft be weighed in silver and the weight taken from their flesh.
- If one should ensnare another, keeping him, but can not prove his wrongdoing, he shall be put to death by the earth, for false enslavement
- If one should accuse another of forbidden magic, but no proof be found, silver shall be weighed from his own and given to the accused
- If one should accuse another of forbidden magic and proof be found, the accused will be put to death by fire.
- If one accuses another of a crime and be proven wrong, he shall pay the price of the crime.
- If one accuses another and asks instead of death, grain or silver, he shall be given grain or silver instead.
- If a judge render a decision and be found faulty, he shall pay twelve times the fine set by him and he shall ne'er sit and pass judgement again.
- If one steals from a temple, they shall be put to death and any who buys the stolen goods shall also be put to death, they shall be thrown in the sea and the earth will weigh them.
- If one should buy from a son or slave, one of their masters possessions, without the fathers consent in writing, he is a slave and the measure of the weight in silver will be taken from his flesh.
- If one should steal cattle belonging to the court, they shall pay tenfold its measure in silver, if the thief cannot pay, he will be thrown in the sea from on high.
- If one should steal the minor son, or minor daughter of another, he shall have his thumbs an ears hewn.
- If one should take the minor child of another outside the city gates, they are tried as a thief of children and their thumbs and ears shall be hewn.
- If the temple is robbed and the robber found, he shall be put to death in the earth.
- If the robber is not found the town shall pay to replace what the temple has lost.
- If fire break out in a house and someone who comes to put it out cast his eye upon the property of the owner of the house and take the property of the master of the house, he shall be thrown into that self-same fire.
- If a chieftain or man be caught in the misfortune and if his fields and garden be given to another and he take possession, if he return and reaches his place, his field * and garden shall be returned to him, he shall take it over again.
If a chieftain or a man be caught in the misfortune of a king, if his son is able to enter into possession, then the field and garden shall be given to him, he shall take over the fee of his father.
- If his son is still young and can not take possession, a third of the field and garden shall be given to his mother and she shall bring him up.
- If a chieftain or a man leave his house, garden and field and hires it out and someone else takes possession of his house, garden and field and uses it for three years: if the first owner return and claims his house, garden and field, it shall not be given to him, but he who has taken possession of it and used it shall continue to use it.
- If he hire it out for one year and then return, the house, garden and field shall be given back to him and he shall take it over again.
- If a chieftain or a man is captured on the "Way of the King" (in war) and a merchant buy him free and bring him back to his place; if he have the means in his house to buy his freedom, he shall buy himself free: if he have nothing in his house with which to buy himself free, he shall be bought free by the temple of his community; if there be nothing in the temple with which to buy him free, the court shall buy his freedom. His field, garden and house shall not be given for the purchase of his freedom.
ReferencesReferences allude to an article's relationship to "real life".
- This is a reference to the Hammurabi Code.